Pembunuhan umat Islam Uighur – PAS kesal dengan China

 

KUALA LUMPUR, 8 Julai : – PAS menegur Kerajaan China dan tidak setuju dengan tindakan keras yang diambil sehingga berlaku tragedi pembunuhan terhadap etnik Islam di Wilayah Xinjiang.

Dalam kenyataannya kepada Harakahdaily, Pengerusi Lujnah Hal Ehwal Antarabangsa PAS Pusat, Dr Syed Azman Syed Ahmad berkata, pihaknya memandang berat terhadap pembunuhan tersebut dan menggesa China menghentikannya seberapa segera.

“Sikap keras pemerintah China amat dikesali.

“PAS menyeru semua pihak sama ada penduduk berketurunan Uighur atau Han agar kembali ke meja rundingan dan mencari jalan damai,” tegasnya.

Syed Azman yang juga AJK PAS Pusat menegaskan bahawa hak asasi penduduk Islam Uighur di Wilayah Autonomi Xinjiang, mestilah dijamin dan dilindungi semua pihak.

Sementara itu Bernama melaporkan Pertubuhan Persidangan Islam (OIC) meminta China menangani punca masalah yang membabitkan minoriti Muslim berikutan dengan keganasan etnik yang buruk di wilayah Xinjiang baru-baru ini.

“Dunia Islam mengharapkan China, satu kuasa besar dan bertanggungjawab di dunia dengan sejarah hubungan persahabatan dengan dunia Muslim, menangani masalah minoriti Muslim di China dengan satu perspektif yang luas bagi menyelesaikan punca sebenar masalah itu,” menurut OIC yang beribu pejabat di Jeddah dalam kenyataan.

Ia menyatakan OIC bersedia menghulurkan bantuan dan mengadakan rundingan dengan kerajaan China mengenai usaha-usaha untuk mewujudkan keamanan dan kestabilan di wilayah itu.

Menurut seorang jurucakap, setiausaha agung OIC Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu melahirkan kebimbangan terhadap keganasan itu dan penggunaan kekerasan yang tidak sewajarnya semasa insiden itu, yang dianggarkan sekurang-kurangnya 156 terbunuh dan lebih 1,000 orang cedera.

“OIC menggesa kerajaan China menjalankan siasatan dengan segera, berkesan dan telus mengenai keganasan yang serius itu dan membawa mereka yang bertanggungjawab ke muka pengadilan dengan segera dan mengambil langkah-langkah yang sewajarnya untuk mencegah insiden itu berlaku lagi dan memastikan mangsa-mangsa kejadian ini diberikan pampasan dengan sepenuhnya,” kata kenyataan itu.

OIC menyatakan ramai mangsa keganasan itu adalah orang awam yang menunjukkan bahawa prinsip penggunaan kekerasan dan senjata api tidak mengikut undang-undang.

Media melaporkan Xinjiang ialah tempat bagi kaum Uighur yang mendakwa bahawa mereka didiskriminasi oleh kaum majoriti Han.

Sumber : Harakahdaily/-

 
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Berapa kos PPSMI setakat ini!

Tidak banyak orang yang tahu!

Atau tidak ada yang berani berkata benar!

Atau semua orang yang terlibat terlalu sibuk membelanjakan wang ini dengan tidak mengira sebanyak mana dan apa yang betul-betul diperlukan.

Namun sumber-sumber yang dapat dipercayai mengatakan bahawa RM 12 BILION adalah anggaran yang tidak jauh lari dari jumlah yang sebenar.

Kami cuma berkata, berikan:

1 bilion untuk industri buku dalam bahasa Melayu, dan
1 bilion lagi untuk industri terjemahan buku ke dalam bahasa Melayu,

Kita akan dapat memandaikan bangsa dengan lebih berkesan daripada menggunakan bahasa Inggeris! Sekaligus, kita memperkasakan bahasa Melayu.

( Prof. Emeritus Abdullah Hassan, Pengarah, Institut Peradaban Melayu, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris http://profabdullah 1.wordpress. com/2009/ 05/18/berapa- kos-ppsmi- setakat-ini/ )

 
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KUALA LUMPUR: Penasihat DAP, Lim Kit Siang akan meminta DAP Kedah supaya mengkaji semula keputusan mereka minggu lalu yang mahu keluar daripada Pakatan Rakyat negeri itu.

Beliau berkata, perjumpaan beliau dengan Menteri Besar Kedah, Datuk Seri Azizan Abdul Razak di sini hari ini memberi hasil yang positif.

Lim berkata, beliau berpuas hati selepas Azizan memberi jaminan bahawa isu itu kini sedang diselesaikan.

“Saya akan menasihatkan DAP Kedah untuk mengkaji semula pendirian mereka memandangkan apa yang berlaku hari ini kerana pendirian ini dibuat oleh jawatankuasa DAP Kedah, bukan dua tiga orang yang boleh membuat apa-apa perubahan,” katanya selepas perjumpaan dengan Azizan selama kira-kira 45 minit bermula pukul 3.30 petang tadi.

Turut hadir dalam mesyuarat itu adalah Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri (ADUN) Kota Darulaman, Lee Guan Aik yang merupakan ADUN tunggal DAP di Kedah dan pengerusi DAP negeri itu, Thomas Su.

Pada 1 Julai lalu, DAP Kedah mengumumkan untuk keluar daripada Pakatan kerana tidak berpuas hati dengan pentadbiran PAS di Kedah ekoran tindakan meroboh satu pusat penyembelihan babi di Kampung Berjaya di Alor Setar.

Sementara itu, Azizan berkata, satu sekretariat Pakatan Rakyat peringkat Kedah telah ditubuhkan untuk menyelesaikan masalah-masalah berbangkit di negeri itu.

Sambil menyifatkan apa yang berlaku sebelum ini sebagai “ribut dalam cawan”, Azizan berkata, pihaknya kini sedang berusaha untuk mengatasi masalah yang dibangkitkan DAP sebelum ini termasuk isu kuota 50 peratus bumiputera ke atas projek perumahan negeri, perobohan kuil dan tokong serta perobohan tempat penyembelihan babi di Kampung Berjaya.

“Masalah berhubung kuota perumahan bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera telah diterangkan dan kita berjanji, satu mekanisme termasuk untuk melepaskan rumah-rumah yang tidak boleh dijual supaya tidak membebankan pemaju yang terlibat dengan perubahan.

“Bagi rumah penyembelihan babi, kita telah dapat satu tempat di Kedah yang tidak mengganggu penduduk dan kita telah dapat kelulusan daripada kerajaan persekutuan,” katanya.

Sementara itu, Su berkata, pihaknya akan membincangkan hasil mesyuarat itu dengan mengambil kira saranan Lim.

“Apa yang dibincangkan hari ini adalah positif dan apa yang penting, kami boleh maju ke hadapan,” katanya.

Sementara itu, Lim ketika diminta mengulas isu tanah di Kampung Buah Pala, Pulau Pinang berkata, bekas Ketua Menteri, Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon perlu bertanggungjawab dalam hal itu dan harus meyakinkan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Mohd Najib Tun Razak untuk campur tangan dalam isu tersebut.

Mengenai pemansuhan dasar Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Sains dan Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris (PPSMI) yang berkuat kuasa 2012 yang diumumkan hari ini, Lim berkata,, ia bukan satu penyelesaian memandangkan pemansuhan hanya akan berlaku tiga tahun dari sekarang.

“Kalau Menteri Pelajaran kata PPSMI gagal, kenapa teruskan lagi tiga tahun. Kalau ada kebaikan, kenapa kata gagal,” katanya. Mstar/-

 
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Ahmad Baei Jaafar

Ramai yang berasa lega dengan keputusan telah dibuat terhadap Dasar Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Sains dan Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris (PPSMI) oleh Menteri Pelajaran mPPSMI akan dimansuhkan sepenuhnya tiga tahun lagi, namun pelajar luar bandar boleh bernaerangkap Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Sri Mahyudin Yasin petang semalam. Walaupun fas lega.

Berdasarkan keputusan itu mulai tahun hadapan murid-murid tahun satu hingga tahun tiga akan menggunakan Bahasa Melayu dalam pembelajaran dua pelajaran tersebut. Murid tahun 4 – 6 akan terus menghabiskan sisa-sisa PPSMI hingga 2012.

Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka dan penerbit buku teks sudah boleh buat persiapan untuk mengembalikan ke Bahasa Melayu dan Cina juga India. Manakala stok lama boleh dihabiskan dalam tempoh tiga tahun lagi itu. Yang pasti penerbit tidak rugi kerana mereka tidak mencetak dalam jumlah yang banyak setiap tahun.

Tetapi persoalan sekarang, sudahkan kerajaan bersedia dengan korikulum baru untuk Bahasa Inggeris? Kerajaan terutama menteri yang terlibat harus sedar bahawa murid sekolah rendah dan menengah di luar bandar, malah bandar juga tidak pandai bahasa tersebut bukan kerana tidak minat atau tidak pandai. Kerajaan harus sedar, orang Melayu minat Bahasa Inggeris tetapi sistem dan kaedah pembelajaran Bahasa tersebut tidak mengikut cara yang betul.

Menteri tidak tahu keadaan sebenar kerana mereka jarang turun padang melihat guru di luar bandar mengajar anak murid mereka. Kesilapan guru-guru inilah yang menyebabkan orang Melayu tidak pandai berbahasa Inggeris.

Jadi, pendekatan pembelajaran oleh guru perlu dipantau oleh kementerian. Sistem latih tubi, penggunaan bahasa dan perbualan seharian perlu dilakukan secara serius. Jika semua itu dapat dilakukan oleh kementerian, masalah bahasa Inggeris itu tidak akan timbul lagi. Apabila tamat tahun 6 mereka sudah berani berbahasa Inggeris.

Oleh sebab itu, pelajaran Bahasa Inggeris dalam bentuk dan pendekatan baru itu perlu dilakukan segera mulai tahun hadapan. Janganlah menunggu hingga tiga tahun lagi baru sistem itu baharu hendak dimulakan.

 
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Can Ibans play smart politics?

 

For the past 46 years of our so-called independence, the story is the same in all the 19 Iban majority state constituencies: complaints of no basic amenities like clean water, electricity, road and clinic not to mention major projects that can generate incomes and thereby uplifting their living standards. Instead their NCR lands are forcibly taken away from them and leased to big plantation companies.

And yet in every election, the Iban voters continue to vote for the “dacing” symbol after the BN has promised them all these, knowing that the same promises have been made over and over and again and again.

The famous quote by US President Abraham Lincoln that “you can fool some of the people all the time, and all the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time” cannot apply to the Iban voters. It appears that “all the Ibans can be fooled all the time” by BN and worst still through Iban representatives.

After each election, the BN government has forgotten them. No doubt one or two of our elected YBs did ask for funds for projects in their respect constituencies, but they are not forceful enough. Many a time their requests are ignored. In other words, the government does not really respect them because they are weak, fragmented and found in every political party. If Abdul Taib Mahmud or even Awang Tengah were to be an elected representative in the Iban constituency, that constituency would have certainly undergone tremendous development and progress.

For now, even if you are shouting at the top of your lungs, nothing will come out; nobody will listen. State assemblyman for Meluan Wong Judat’s speech during the recent Council Negeri meeting clearly shows the disrespect the BN has on the people.

He said: “The Rakyat in my constituency are thinking that the government only knows how to make promises come election time to fish for votes.” And what made him say such statement like an Opposition elected representative was the delay in the construction of the long-awaited Nanga Entabai-Rantau Limau ulu road and the 29km Pakan-Engkamop road had not been tar-sealed for a long time.

It was not just the roads, but also the construction of suspension bridges across Kanowit river (from Julau town to a Chinese settlement and another suspension bridge to SK Nanga Luan).These had not been implemented although the cost had been determined at RM1.8 million.

He said he had raised the issue with the relevant authorities numerous times and each time he asked the ministry concerned, the reply was that funding from the federal government was insufficient.

“We the people of Meluan have waited a very long time, our patience is running low. The projects have been proposed since the seventh five-year Malaysia Plan and it was brought forward to the eighth Malaysia Plan and then to the ninth Malaysia Plan. Now the ministry could bring it again to the tenth Malaysia Plan.

“I want to know in which Malaysia Plan can the government have enough allocation to finance these projects considering they have been proposed a long time ago (more than 15 years). I do not want my people think that the government is only making promises during election,” he said.

Wong who is Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party supreme council member also spoke of the people’s dilemma in 30 longhouses, individual houses, three primary schools and Nanga Entabai clinic which are in dire need of clean water and electricity supply.

Likewise, the Kapit MP Alexander Nanta Linggi has bemoaned the absence of funds for the construction of Kapit-Sibu trunk road. Nanta’s grandfather, Tun Temenggong Jugah made the call more than 40 years ago, and the call was echoed by his father, the two-term MP for Kapit and it was repeated by the former MP for Kapit James Jimbun. Now Nanta is the fourth generation of MP for Kapit and hs been making numerous requests for funds for the Kapit-Sibu trunk road. Until now the requests have fallen on deaf ears.

So what are the solutions in order that our YBs can be an effective voice of the people? Could form a new political party specifically catering for Iban interests of any help? Or better still if SPDP, PRS, SNAP and Pesaka can form a merger called Iban National Front?

Never mind about the comments against it, but just imagine the impact if our elected 19 state representatives can come together – segulai-sejalai-sepenemu – under one political banner from Balai Ringin, to Bukit Begunan, Engkilili, Batang Ai, Layar, Bukit Saban, Krian, Pakan, Meluan, Machan, Ngemah, Ketibas, Baleh, Pelagus, Tamin, Kakus, Sebauh, Marudi, and Batu Danau and 11 Iban MPs.

This is not a racialist move, but rather that we take care and put our own house in order first before thinking of others. Let charity begin at home.

We do not aim to put our man as chief minister; neither do we want to frighten other communities. Whoever is the chief minister be he Malay, Chinese or Bidayuh or Orang Ulu as long as long as he respects our rights of existence, respect our NCR land, be fair in terms of distributing development, business opportunities, in education, and so on, we will support him.

Certainly with the 19 elected representatives and 11 MPs our voice is not only strong, but they (the government be it BN or PR) cannot simply ignore us. In other words, we will play the role of “king maker”. – The Broken Shield

Source: www.thebrokenshield.blogspot.com

 

Posted by Jetty

MANEK URAI : EKSKLUSIF – VINCENT LEE AJAK SOKONG PERJUANGAN ISLAM

 

laporan terkini, EKSKLUSIF dari Manik Urai

oleh MEDIA BYPASS rakan Kelantan
 
 Pengerusi Kelab Penyokong Pas Pusat (Kaum Cina), Vincent Lee menyifatkan perjuangan Pas yang berlandaskan Islam merupakan wadah terbaik merealisasikan pentadbiran jujur, ikhlas dan adil untuk seluruh umat termasuk bukan Islam.

Oleh demikian, katanya orang Islam sendiri wajar berjuang seiringan dengan Pas bagi memastikan rakyat negara ini memdapat layanan dan pembelaan yang sepatutnya tanpa membeza-bezakan kaum.

“Perjuangan Pas berlandaskan tuntutan Islam jelas terbukti mendatangkan kebaikan kepada semua kaum, sebab itulah Pas beroleh sokongan luar biasa pada Pilihan Raya Umum lalu.

“Saya merayu kepada orang Melayu (Islam), jika bukan Islam sudah menaruh keyakinan sedemikian rupa terhadap perjuangan Pas, kenapa anda (orang Melayu) sendiri tidak ikut dan menyokong sebuah parti yang menjadikan ajaran Islam sebagai landas perjuangannya?

“Oleh itu, saya harap pengundi-pengundi di Manik Urai sedar bahawa inilah masa untuk mereka memberi sokongan kepada Pas yang selama ini tidak pernah berhenti memperjuangan keadilan untuk rakyat dan memartabatkan Islam sebagai panduan hidup ke arah kemuliaan dan perpaduan semua kaum,” katanya kepada MEDIA BYPASS ketika ditemui di Manik Urai semalam.

Vincent Lee yang juga Pembantu Khas kepada YB Dr Lo’Lo (Ahli Parlimen Titiwangsa)berkata, pelbagai isu membabitkan pemimpin BN telah membangkitkan rasa muak rakyat, mereka merungut kerana hak rakyat tidak dibela sepenuhnya kerana sikap sesetengah pemimpin lebih mengutamakan kepentingan diri.

Menurutnya, rakyat khususnya di manik Urai patut buat perhitungan dengan pengkhianat bangsa seperti itu dengan menggunakan kuasa undi memberikan kemenangan kepada calon Pas.

“Kita ada undi di tangan, kitalah yang berhak tentukan siapa pemimpin yang akan mewakili dan membela nasib kita kerana rakyatlah yang membayar gaji mereka. Jadi, jangan terpengaruh dengan umpan gula-gula BN kerana mereka datang hanya pada masa pilihan raya sahaja.

“Pengundi Manik Urai sudah kenal dengan permainan BN yang hantar bermacam peruntukan semasa pilihan raya, kita kena tetapkan hati untuk tidak tertipu, pastikan undi hanya untuk memperkukuhkan kerajaan Kelantan yang membangun bersama Islam,” katanya.

 

:: Balik Semula ::

ADMIN – KedahLaNie TIME

MP PAS bersama Penduduk Manek Urai Baru

China tries new openness with foreign media

A paramilitary officer tries to persuade two Uighur women to leave when they AP – A paramilitary officer tries to persuade two Uighur women to leave when they attempted to face off a …

By TINI TRAN, Associated Press Writer Tini Tran, Associated Press Writer 1 hr 1 min ago

BEIJING – When riots broke out in the northwest this week, China took a different tack with foreign journalists: Instead of being barred, reporters were invited on an official tour of Xinjiang’s capital.

The approach, a stark reversal from last year’s handling of Tibetan unrest, suggests Chinese authorities have learned that providing access to information means they can get their own message out, experts said.

“They are getting more sophisticated in how they’re handling foreign and domestic media coverage of a crisis. It used to be in a time of major crisis, you get a blackout… Now the approach is to get the government’s viewpoint out there,” said Rebecca MacKinnon, a journalism professor at the University of Hong Kong.

The State Council Information Office, the government’s main public relations arm, extended their highly unusual invitation to the foreign media Monday, just one day after the worst ethnic violence in decades left 156 dead and 1,100 injured in the regional capital of Urumqi. Their goal? “To help foreign media to do more objective, fair and friendly reports,” the agency said in a statement.

Journalists from 60 different foreign media organizations traveled to Urumqi Monday on a flight arranged by the government. They were taken to the largest hotel in town where the government had set up a media center. Special reporting passes were issued and press conferences were arranged.

The hotel was the only place in town where Internet service was not cut, which helped ensure that reporters stayed close.

Still, not everything stayed within the government’s control. On Tuesday, as reporters were escorted around town to see the damage from Sunday’s rioting, a group of some 200 Uighur women, wailing and shouting, appeared to protest the arrests of their husbands and sons in the ensuing crackdown.

For the government guides, who tried to herd reporters on buses as TV cameras rolled, it was a totally unscripted moment.

Despite the access, foreign journalists still reported problems in the field. The Foreign Correspondents’ Club of China said it had received reports of security forces detaining TV crews and other reporters, confiscating equipment, and even damaging a video camera. Two Associated Press Television producers were detained for more than three hours and questioned about their reporting. Their equipment was returned and eventually they were taken back to the media hotel.

Within China, the government has been working hard to control the information on this week’s violence. State media remains under tight supervision while mobile phone service along with Internet access in Urumqi has been sharply curtailed. Meanwhile, China’s Internet censors were scrubbing videos and text updates about the riots from China-based social networking sites such as Youku, a YouTube-like service, and Fanfou, a Chinese Web site similar to Twitter.

The riots exposed the long-simmering tensions between the minority Uighurs and majority Han Chinese and echoed last year’s unrest in the Tibetan capital Lhasa. The rioters, mostly Uighurs, rampaged through the streets, overturning barricades, attacking vehicles and buildings, and clashing with police. State television aired footage showing protesters attacking and kicking people on the ground. Victims who appeared to be Han Chinese sat dazed with blood pouring down their faces.

“If they try to suppress coverage, then the foreign media writes its own stories…whereas here, they can encourage foreign media to understand their view better,” said David Zweig, director of the Center on China’s Transnational Relations at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

“By taking people to see it, they can make the case that there was violence by Uighurs. Otherwise, people won’t write that story,” he said.

During the protests in Lhasa and other Tibetan communities last spring, the government maintained a virtual news blackout. A strict travel ban, which has always been in place, meant foreign reporters could not board planes and trains to get into Lhasa, but limited information seeped out through foreign travelers and Tibetan exile communities abroad.

For China, the picture that emerged from Tibet was a highly negative and often more simplistic version of a complicated history, said MacKinnon.

“I don’t know what sparked their change of approach this time but I think one of the results of not allowing Beijing-based press corps into Tibet last year was that the story ended up being covered outside of China. It resulted in the exile community being able to frame the story,” she said.

China’s leaders may also be borrowing from how Western countries handle media during a crisis, she said. “I think generally, the media strategy in the Internet age is that you’re better off allowing media access and trying to spin the situation in your favor.”

Ultimately, new technology and Internet access may have left China with little choice but to cultivate a new way of dealing with the media.

“A degree of openness is something that cannot be avoided any more, given the development of mass media,” said Barry Sautman, a political scientist in Hong Kong. “Not only is it productive politically, but it’s also something China has to get used to.”

Pemimpin BN Pentingkan Kekayaan Berbanding Khidmat Kepada Masyarakat

Chinese troops flood streets after riots

Chinese paramilitary police patrol in Urumqi, western China's Xinjiang province, AP – Chinese paramilitary police patrol in Urumqi, western China’s Xinjiang province, Wednesday, July 8, 2009. …

By WILLIAM FOREMAN, Associated Press Writer William Foreman, Associated Press Writer 10 mins ago

URUMQI, China – Thousands of Chinese troops flooded into this city Wednesday to separate feuding ethnic groups after three days of communal violence left 156 people dead, and a senior Communist Party official vowed to execute those guilty of murder in the rioting in western China.

Long convoys of armored cars and green troop trucks with riot police rumbled through Urumqi, a city of 2.3 million people. Other security forces carrying automatic rifles with bayonets formed cordons to defend Muslim neighborhoods from marauding groups of vigilantes with sticks.

Military helicopters buzzed over Xinjiang‘s regional capital, dropping pamphlets urging people to stay in their homes and stop fighting. Special police from other provinces were called in to patrol the city.

The crisis was so severe that President Hu Jintao cut short a trip to Italy, where he was to participate in a Group of Eight summit. It was an embarrassing move for a leader who wants to show that China has a harmonious society as it prepares to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Communist rule.

The heightened security came amid the worst spasm of ethnic violence in decades in Xinjiang — a sprawling, oil-rich territory that borders Pakistan, Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries. The region is home to the Uighur ethnic minority, who rioted Sunday and attacked the Han Chinese — the nation’s biggest ethnic group — after holding a protest that was ended by police.

Officials have said 156 people were killed as the Turkic-speaking Uighurs ran amok in the city, beating and stabbing the Han Chinese. The Uighurs allege that trigger-happy security forces gunned down many of the protesters, and officials have yet to give an ethnic breakdown of those killed.

In Rome, a Germany-based Uighur leader, Erkin Alptekin, told The Associated Press that “our countrymen in China” reported that 600-800 Uighurs were killed in the past few days and 3,000 were arrested.

“We were told (by fellow Uighurs) that 140 were dead on the spot” on Sunday and that their bodies were tossed into trucks and taken away by Chinese security forces, said Alptekin, who briefed the human rights commission in the Italian parliament.

“When the Uighurs heard the people were fired upon, parents all came out looking for their sons and daughters,” he said, adding that security forces started to “disperse them by force, then started to beat them, tear gas them and shoot them.”

His account could not be independently confirmed.

More than 1,100 people were wounded in the violence. Dr. Yuan Hong of Urumqi People’s Hospital said most of the people treated at his facility were clubbed, while others had been cut by knives.

Li Zhi, the highest-ranking Communist Party official in Urumqi, told reporters that some of the rioters were university students who were misled and didn’t understand what they were doing. They would be treated leniently, he said, as long as they weren’t involved in serious acts of violence and vandalism.

But Li added: “To those who committed crimes with cruel means, we will execute them.”

He also repeated allegations that the riot was whipped up by U.S.-exiled Uighur activist Rebiya Kadeer and her overseas supporters. “They’re afraid to see our economic prosperity. They’re afraid to see our ethnic unity and the people living a stable, prosperous life,” he said.

Kadeer has denied masterminding the violence, and many Uighurs laughed off the notion that they were puppets of groups abroad.

“Not even a 3-year-old would believe that Rebiya stirred this up. It’s ridiculous,” said a shopkeeper who only identified himself as Ahmet. Like other Uighurs, he declined to give his full name because he feared the police would detain him.

Ahmet was quick to rattle off a long list of grievances commonly mentioned by Uighurs. He accused the Han Chinese of discrimination and alleged that government policies were forcing them to abandon their culture, language and Islamic faith.

“After all this rioting, I’m still filled with hatred. I’m not afraid of the Han Chinese,” Ahmet said.

His neighborhood in southern Urumqi was targeted by mobs of Han Chinese who roamed the capital Tuesday seeking revenge. Ahmet’s friends had video shot by mobile phones and cameras that showed the stick-wielding Han men beating Uighurs. He pointed to blood stains on a white concrete apartment wall, where he said a Uighur was severely stabbed.

A Uighur college student who called herself Parizat added, “The men were carrying a Chinese flag. I never thought something like this would happen. We’re all Chinese citizens.”

The Uighurs accused paramilitary police of allowing the Han Chinese to attack their neighbors. But in the video, the troops appeared to be trying to block or restrain the mobs.

On Wednesday, the government warned residents against carrying weapons on the street, and most people generally complied. But there were groups of Han Chinese who tried to find soft spots in police cordons and rush into Uighur neighborhoods.

One such failed attempt sent a wave of terror and panic through the biggest Uighur neighborhood, Er Dao Qiao.

When someone yelled, “The Han are coming!” children scampered indoors and women ran shrieking through a backstreet market with carts of watermelons, shops selling cold soft drinks and smoky grills with sizzling lamb kebabs.

Within seconds, the men armed themselves with spears stashed behind doors and under market stands. The weapons were long poles with knives and meat cleavers tied to the ends. Piles of rocks were placed across the street for ammunition.

One Uighur graduate student who called himself Memet greeted a foreign reporter in English by saying, “Welcome to the jungle!”

“I think the Uighur people lately are kind of happy. You can see it in their eyes, a bit of happiness. We’ve spoken up. People know we exist now,” he said.

The ethnic hatred in Xinjiang appears to run so deep that many Uighurs won’t express sorrow for the Han Chinese who were attacked Sunday.

One of them was Dong Yuanyuan, 24, a newlywed who said she was on a bus with her husband getting ready to leave on their honeymoon. She said Uighur attackers dragged them off the bus and beat them until they were unconscious. Her husband was still missing, said the woman, who had abrasions on her face, arms and knees.

“My aunts have been going to all the hospitals to search for him. He must still be unconscious,” she told reporters who joined a government tour at the People’s Hospital.

Abdul Rehim, a Uighur with his left arm in a sling, said he was walking with his brother when a group of Han Chinese “just came out and did this to me.”

Another victim was Ma Weihong, who said she was walking home from a park with her 10-year-old son when the riot started. The boy suffered minor injuries, but the mother had a broken arm and wrist, missing teeth and head wounds.

“The stores all closed up and we tried to run for home,” she said. “That is when they caught us. We couldn’t get away.”

___

Associated Press writer Frances D’Emilio in Rome contributed to this story.

North Korea a suspect in cyber attacks in US

An official gives a briefing about cyber attacks at the National Police Agency AP – An official gives a briefing about cyber attacks at the National Police Agency in Seoul, South Korea, …

By KELLY OLSEN, Associated Press Writer Kelly Olsen, Associated Press Writer 49 mins ago

SEOUL, South Korea – North Korea, which has been firing missiles and spewing threats against the United States, was identified by South Korea‘s main spy agency Wednesday as a suspect in the cyber attacks targeting government and other Web sites in the U.S. and South Korea.

North Korea is not known for its computing prowess, but experts said such attacks would be easy — and cheap — to mount by hiring outside help.

South Korea’s National Intelligence Service told members of parliament’s intelligence committee Wednesday that Pyongyang or its sympathizers were believed to be behind the attacks, according to aides to two of the lawmakers. They spoke on condition of anonymity given the classified nature of the information.

The spy agency declined to confirm the information provided by the aides but said in a statement that the sophistication of the attacks suggested they were carried out at a higher level than just rogue or individual hackers.

The attacks, which began in the U.S. over the July 4 holiday and in South Korea on Tuesday, were thoroughly prepared and appeared to have been committed by hackers “at the level of a certain organization or state,” the statement said.

It did not mention North Korea by name.

There does not appear to be any evidence that North Korea has ever made overt cyber threats. South Korean media reported in May that the North was running a cyber warfare unit that tries to hack into U.S. and South Korean military networks to gather confidential information and disrupt service.

The finger-pointing at North Korea comes as the communist nation has engaged in a series of threats and provocative actions widely condemned by the international community.

In early April, Pyongyang fired a long-range rocket it said was a satellite but that landed in the Pacific Ocean after flying over Japan. Later that month it threatened to launch an intercontinental ballistic missile and in May carried out an underground nuclear test, its second since 2006.

Last month, the North threatened a “thousand-fold” military retaliation against the U.S. and its allies if provoked.

Then, on July 4, North Korea fired seven ballistic missiles several hundred miles into waters off its east coast in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions. The launches were its biggest show of missile force since it fired seven missiles while Americans were celebrating Independence Day in 2006.

The latest missile launch came amid speculation, largely driven by a Japanese newspaper report, that North Korea might launch a long-range missile toward Hawaii to coincide with the U.S. Independence Day holiday. U.S. and South Korean defense and intelligence officials, however, said there was no evidence the North was preparing such a launch.

North Korea, an impoverished country that relies on outside aid to feed its people, is not generally regarded as being in the upper tier of cyber-savvy nations like the U.S., South Korea and Japan. Still, it has been encouraging its citizens to embrace more technology, though it’s unclear how many North Koreans have access to computers and Internet access is tightly controlled.

So could the North have carried out such an attack — or hired others to do it?

“That is very possible because those attacks are not very complicated,” said Andre Rickardsson, an information technology security expert at Sweden’s Bitsec Consulting. “North Korea is a country that sends up rockets and builds nuclear weapons, so why not build a virus? It’s not difficult.”

Paul Cornish, director of the International Security Program at the Chatham House think tank in London, agreed. “You don’t need to amass great armies, it can all be done covertly and cheaply,” by hiring outside expertise, he said.

For that, suspicions fell on China, Iran or even organized crime.

Andrew Brookes, a defense analyst with the International Institute of Strategic Studies in London, said countries like Iran and North Korea, as well as terrorist groups, are devoting increasing amounts of resources to cyber and electronic warfare.

“They can’t take the West on with conventional tactics, like big armies, big air forces or big navies. Instead, they are trying to look to cheaper activities — ballistic missiles, work in space, or cyber attacks,” he said.

There is likely some collaboration between North Korea, Iran and others on cyber warfare technology, Brooke said, but added that the likeliest culprits in the attacks are small-scale computer hackers rather than hostile governments.

“The choice of targets suggests that whatever group is doing it is sympathetic to North Korea,” said Gene Spafford, executive director of Purdue University’s Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security.

This could include a “for-hire criminal group paid for by North Korea or sympathizers who could be anywhere in the world, including in South Korea, China, or even the U.S,” he said.

The outages were caused by so-called denial of service attacks in which floods of computers all try to connect to a single site at the same time, overwhelming the server that handles the traffic, the Korea Information Security Agency said.

In South Korea, 12 sites were initially attacked Tuesday, followed by attacks Wednesday on 10 others, including those of government offices, banks, vaccine firms and Web portals, agency official Shin Hwa-su said.

The targets were all sites that could be accessed by the public, including the presidential Blue House, the Defense Ministry and some banks.

The U.S. targets included the White House, Pentagon, State Department, Treasury Department, Homeland Security and National Security Agency, as well as the New York Stock Exchange, Nasdaq stock market and The Washington Post.

Kim Yong-hyun, a professor at Seoul’s Dongguk University and an expert on the North, said Pyongyang is believed to have advanced computer technology because the regime has put a key focus on information technology as a way to overcome its economic difficulties.

The country’s absolute leader, Kim Jong Il, has been a force behind the push, saying those who don’t use computers are among the “three main fools of the 21st century,” along with smokers and anyone who doesn’t appreciate music.

“If North Korea is found to be behind these attacks, it could mean that it tried to show the U.S. and the South that it has not only military capabilities, but also cyber capabilities to paralyze key facilities,” said Kim, the professor in Seoul.

South Korea’s main opposition Democratic Party accused the spy agency of leaking unconfirmed information in an attempt to build public support for a set of anti-terrorism bills that have been pending for months in the National Assembly amid opposition objections.

The opposition party claims the anti-terror bills would give the spy agency too much power and could be used as a tool to infringe upon human rights.

Peter Sommer, an expert on cyber-terrorism at the London School of Economics, cautioned against coming to quick conclusions as any instigator would disguise where the attacks were coming from.

“Initial diagnoses are often wrong,” he said.

___

Associated Press writers Jae-soon Chang and Wanjin Park in Seoul, Lolita C. Baldor in Washington, Pan Pylas, Gregory Katz, Nardine Saad and David Stringer in London and Karl Ritter in Stockholm contributed to this report.

Ng sedia jadi ejen jual rumah agam Khir Toyo

SHAH ALAM: “Saya minta kunci (rumah) dengan dia” kata Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri (Adun) Sekinchan, Ng Suee Lim merujuk kepada perbualannya dengan bekas Menteri Besar Selangor, Datuk Seri Dr Mohamad Khir Toyo di luar dewan sebelum persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN), bermula hari ini.

“Tadi saya minta kunci dengan dia, dia minta saya bagi deposit 10 peratus dahulu. Saya kata pembeli belum tengok macam mana nak bagi deposit,” katanya kepada pemberita semasa ditanya mengenai apa yang dibualkannya dengan Khir.

Ng berkata, beliau meminta kunci rumah agam Khir sebagai menyahut cabaran Adun Sungai Panjang itu menjadi ejen hartanah bagi menjual rumah agam dan dua lot tanah milik bekas Menteri Besar itu di Seksyen 7 di sini yang didakwa Ng bernilai RM24 juta.Bagaimanapun, Dr Mohamad Khir menafikan rumah dan tanah itu dibeli dengan harga RM24 juta tetapi dibeli dengan harga RM3.5 juta tiga tahun lalu dengan pinjaman selama 30 tahun daripada HSBC Bank.

Bekas Menteri Besar itu kemudian mencabar Ng supaya menjadi ejen hartanah dan menjualkan rumah dan tanah itu pada harga RM24 juta dan jika berjaya beliau akan diberikan komisen 50 peratus atau RM12 juta.

“Dia suruh saya jumpa di mahkamah, saya tidak ada masalah…tapi kunci bagilah kalau tidak macam mana saya nak jadi ejen hartanah,” katanya. – Bernama

Mansuh PPSMI jejas masa depan anak-anak: Dr Mahathir

PUTRAJAYA: Pemansuhan Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Sains dan Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris (PPSMI) akan menjejas masa depan anak-anak, sekali gus menjadikan mereka mangsa kepada keputusan kerajaan itu, kata Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.

Bekas Perdana Menteri itu yang jelas tidak gembira dengan keputusan berkenaan menyifatkannya sebagai tindakan yang akan menyukarkan anak-anak untuk mempelajari dan mengetahui perkembangan dunia sains pada masa depan.

“Saya sedih kerana masa depan anak-anak, anak-anak akan jadi mangsa dasar ini,” katanya pada sidang akhbar di Yayasan Kepimpinan Perdana di sini hari ini.

Dr Mahathir diminta mengulas mengenai pemansuhan PPSMI oleh Kementerian Pelajaran berkuatkuasa 2012 di sekolah kebangsaan.

Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin yang juga Menteri Pelajaran hari ini mengumumkan bahawa berikutan keputusan itu, subjek Sains dan Matematik akan kembali diajar dalam bahasa Melayu.

Muhyiddin berkata, langkah itu sebahagian daripada langkah memartabatkan Bahasa Melayu dan memantapkan pengajaran dan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggeris di semua peringkat persekolahan.

PPSMI diperkenalkan pada 2003 dan kumpulan pertama murid-murid yang mempelajari Sains dan Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris sejak Tahun Satu ialah mereka yang menduduki Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) tahun lalu.

Dr Mahathir berkata, usaha memartabatkan Bahasa Melayu tidak akan menyentuh PPSMI berikutan subjek sains dan matematik tidak mempunyai sebarang pertalian dengan pembelajaran bahasa.

“Kata mereka ini untuk memartabatkan bahasa kebangsaan, tapi di sekolah Cina, mereka guna Bahasa Mandarin dan di sekolah Tamil mereka guna Bahasa Tamil. Lagipun kita tak boleh belajar bahasa melalui Sains dan Matematik. Bahasa mempunyai subjeknya sendiri,” katanya.

Dr Mahathir dalam sidang akhbar yang sama turut menafikan bahawa beliau bersetuju dan menerima hakikat pemansuhan dasar berkenaan, sekali gus bertentangan dengan kenyataan Muhyiddin sewaktu mengumumkan perkara berkenaan tengah hari tadi.

“Kerajaan sudah buat keputusan. Saya cuma diberi taklimat, saya cuba beri cadangan, minta kalau tak boleh dibuat semasa sekolah rendah, sekurang-kurangnya di sekolah menengah, tapi mereka tolak dan tak terima. Jadi itu bukan ‘consultation’, tapi cuma taklimat,” katanya.

Semasa mengumumkan perkara itu, Muhyiddin berkata Dr Mahathir umumnya menerima hakikat mengenai perlunya dasar itu diubah.

Katanya, beliau dan pegawai kanan kementerian itu telah berbincang lebih tiga jam dengan Dr Mahathir bagi menerangkan mengenai kesukaran untuk meneruskan PPSMI, masalah keupayaan guru dan murid menguasai bahasa Inggeris serta jurang pencapaian antara sekolah bandar dan luar bandar, dan antara sekolah kebangsaan dan bukan kebangsaan.

“Dr Mahathir umumnya menerima hakikat ini,” kata Muhyiddin. – Bernama

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